Main Center Of Pottery, Khaung Daing Village

This little town situated at the western shore of the Inlay Lake, Shan State, Burma, and its occupants – hardly 100 Shan families who live in delightful, customary Shan cabins and houses containing wood and bamboo outlines, tangling, bamboo and wood floors and cover rooftops – are prestigious for the creation of astounding stoneware/ceramic, which here as wherever in the nation is both an industry and a workmanship. In the wake of having gone by this primary ceramics focus of the Shan State, seen the potters at work and washed in this current town’s climate you will unquestionably take a gander at earthenware through various eyes.

An essential reality is that the predecessors of Khaung Daing’s potters would most likely not perceive that decades, hundreds of years even centuries have gone since they passed away and would surely have the capacity to quickly join into the way toward making earthenware whenever and any of its phases from the earliest starting point to the very end as nothing has changed in the conventional techniques since they themselves once did this work.

The essential materials utilized, their sources, the strategies for their readiness, the instruments, the methods of framing the stoneware and its consuming, the outlines, the sizes, the various types of ceramics, the sorts of ovens utilized, and so forth., everything – completely everything – has continued as before. As for earthenware, time has clearly stopped and will most presumably keep on doing so. Earthenware is normally a privately-owned company and the information and abilities expected to play out this art are passed on from era to era; and today’s potters’ descendents are not liable to change anything. In any case, that is simply the future and we will now worry about the present and Khaung Daing’s available day earthenware workshops.

Presently as ever ceramics or stoneware assumes a focal part in Burma’s family units as earthenware is put to endless uses: plates, bowls, mugs, measuring utencils, vases, pots of any size to cook, save and serve nourishment and refreshments, to make rice wine, to plant blossoms and plants into them, as store for cash, adornments, gold, and so forth (still regular in country zones), statues, puppets, youngsters toys, internment urns, et cetera; all stoneware. In like manner, all these various types of ceramics articles are delivered in Khaung Daing Village.

The fundamental material utilized is preparing earth. Either damped and massaged earth powder (earthenware) or beforehand absorbed water for a more drawn out time and after that after the water is poured away stamped until smooth and flexible. Once in a while, these two various types of earth are mixed. The mud is made of earth and residue from the lake. The strategy used to make littler earthenware, for example, flatware is the ‘wheel tossing’ procedure. Give us now a chance to watch a potter utilizing this system at work.

To make e.g. a bowl on the potter’s wheel (set in a shallow form and turned either by foot or hand by the potter himself or an associate) a piece of mud is set in the inside that is then pulled and pushed by the potter into a round and hollow shape. He then presses his thumb onto the highest point of the chamber, making an opening that he grows while pulling up the sides. Thereafter he starts to shape the lip utilizing one hand on either side of the edge of the article. After fruition the potter runs a thin wire under the base or foot of the piece and expels it from the wheel. The stoneware is delivered in one continuous and smooth process out of one chunk of mud.

For extensive pots and jugs the ‘snaking method’ is connected. Enormous jugs -, for example, those called ‘hundred-holder’ since they have a holding limit of hundred “Viss” ( 157 kilogram) – are 4 feet/1.2 meters high, have an opening of 18 inches/43 centimeters, a bulbous body and a thin base. Capacity pots have a holding limit of up to 60 gallons.

The procedure to make and shape such a tremendous stoneware article comprises of four phases, the first is that the base or base of the container is framed and semi-dried. In the second phase of produce the potter shapes out of a long string of mud the mass of the lower half of the container. The string is framed into a circle or ring and the container is developed by superimposing the rings, which are scratched smooth at the outside as the article develops, “stuck” to the base by wetting the edges and put to dry. The third stage is to frame the upper half with the lip a similar route in which the lower part was made. Contingent upon the utilization the jug is expected for, further components, for example, circles close to the opening/mouth are included. The fourth stage comprises of putting the ‘a large portion of containers’ as one and giving the entire thing a chance to dry in the sun.

Subsequent to being dried ceramics articles are terminated (additionally called heated or consumed). This is normally done in ovens yet when lower consuming temperatures and shorter consuming periods suffice – similar to the case with standard earthenware pots – it is finished by what is called ‘start shooting’. The potters just cover the sun-dried stoneware that is heaped in stacks on the ground with a thick layer of straw, which is then determined to flame. This fire achieves a temperature of around 1.202 to 1.382 degrees F (650 to 750 degrees C).

For coated stoneware a glue is made of powdered soot or magma from the Shan mountains, a little bit of dirt and ‘thamin-yippee’ (rice water that is spilled out of the pot when the rice is prepared cooked and fills in as the paste or restricting specialist) and slapped on the dried ceramics before the consuming procedure. The heating of coated ceramic that is in some cases called ‘center fire product’ needs high temperatures of 1.650 to 2.192 degrees F/900 to 1.200 degrees C.

Different strategies for brightening ceramics are painting or the stamping and additionally etching of plans. Stoneware can be painted before or after the consuming.

With respect to ovens there are fundamentally two various types: those worked over the ground and those worked under ground. Both of these are supposed ‘discontinuous ovens’ since they should be doused before being emptied and revived. By differentiation, ‘consistent furnaces’ can be stacked and energized while the fire is consuming. In Khaung Daing the underground sort is utilized. An underground oven is a pit with ventures to enter and abandon it on one side and a screened smoke opening on the opposite side. The over the ground furnaces are made of blocks with a passageway on one side and screened smoke openings. Once the stoneware is completely stacked in the furnace and the spaces between the greater articles are loaded with littler earthenware, for example, kids toys (play pots, puppets, and so forth.) the oven is loaded with kindling, which is set land before the passageway is legitimately shut with blocks, dirt and earth/soil. Following a few days of preparing – the lengths of the period is picked by the size and number of bits of stoneware – the furnace is permitted to slowly chill off for various days before it is opened to empty the ceramics.

To watch every one of the phases of the entire stoneware making process performed in old customs by the Shan individuals of Kyaung Daing is an instructing as well as an extremely engaging occasion that makes you build up a vibe for ceramic and as expressed already you will starting now and into the foreseeable future take a gander at e.g. the plate you are eating from, the container you are drinking out and the dishes in which your sustenance is presented with various eyes.

How Implementing an Operational Excellence System Can Decrease Risk to Your Business Significantly

While dealing with the everyday operation of a business, you manage an assortment of documentation and data that can without much of a stretch gain out of power when not oversaw legitimately. While not generally at the front line of an association’s motivation, an Operational Excellence System (OES) is a basic key asset that can assemble a business’ structure to perform compelling procedure arrangement, handle arrangement, archive administration and reasonable apparatuses to bolster Continuous Improvement programs, and will decide how fruitful and practical an association really needs to be.

So what precisely is an Operational Excellence System?

Is a vault for operational functionalities, legitimate prerequisites, preparing devices, ceaseless change and information administration openings. The most widely recognized Operational Excellence Systems utilized are Quality, Environmental and Health and Safety. The data that goes inside these frameworks are exchangeable and utilized inside ordinary operational practices. These are handy snippets of data that envelop how your association capacities utilizing the accompanying regular operational practices:

– Policies

– Objectives

– Processes

– Work Instructions

– Hazard Identifications

– Risk Assessments

– Incident Reporting

– Training and Development

– Corrective and Preventative Actions

– Continous Improvement

– Customer Satisfaction

All in all, what are the advantages of having an Operational Excellence System?

In a general sense, the usage and utilization of an OES builds up a structure with which to follow so as to deal with your association’s documentation and data stream. The data that go with these frameworks make venture open doors for your business that specifically influences your operational practices through territories, for example, upgrading direct administration conveyance to and from your business, making a stage to enhance general execution, improving likelihood for consistence with clients, contracts, legitimate and industry norms, lessening general dangers straightforwardly influencing your business and enhancing the openness and ease of use of your data.

With anything, you should have the crucial structure just before you can see genuine outcomes. Embracing an OES lines up with the usefulness and general objectives for your business and you will see expanded execution.

Why would it be a good idea for you to actualize an Operational Excellence System on the off chance that you don’t have one?

Without a framework set up, numerous organizations do not have the structure and arrangement of data that is expected to create profitability, guarantee lawful and industry gauges are clung to, enhance cost viability by upgrading nonstop change openings, enhancing client collusions, diminishments in preparing expenses and decreases in quality affirmation re-work and general operational expenses. Many may see the speculation of executing an OES as a not as much as alluring method for burning through cash, especially with the always developing requirement for costs cutting; in any case, as an OES, it is intended to expand profitability and consumer loyalty, meet targets, diminish costs and guarantee that any consistence required through legitimate or legally binding commitments are met and the venture associations make far exceeds the results on the off chance that one is not set up.

Does your Operational Excellence System meet a Standard?

So consider the possibility that you have an OES set up. Right off the bat, well done. Your business recognizes and comprehends the significance of your operational data being ensured and making progressing constant change open doors for development. Yet, does it meet a Standard? The 3 noteworthy gauges highlighted, Quality, Health and Safety and Environmental were picked as they catch for all intents and purposes each organizations usefulness in some frame or another. In the event that you have one set up, using Standard necessities concentrates on Best Practice components and International prerequisites.

Performing surveys and interior reviews either inside your own particular association or having a 3rdparty association who is knowledgeable about this range, guarantees that your framework is performing very much in light of these global principles, giving your association Best Practice components to work with. Regardless of whether it is an Internal or External gathering leading the audits, getting these surveys led by fair-minded analysts can add an alternate point of view to discoveries.

So what are the advantages of Standards consistence?

Building up an Operational Excellence System that consents to Standard necessities makes mark acknowledgment for associations and creates upper hand while picking an item or administration. Meeting Standard consistence prerequisites additionally implies much of the time, you are meeting numerous legitimate and legally binding necessities your association may need to fight with.

Why/How do Operational Excellence Systems Improve benefits?

The objective is to go about as a record and data vault, meet operational and hierarchical practices and create persistent change openings all through an available learning administration device. Using the data, demonstrations to manufacture the status of Operational Excellence and concentrates on hierarchical money related advantages through:

Diminished Operational Costs

Diminished preparing expenses of representatives

Enhanced Sales

Enhanced Profitability

Lessened Impact of Business Disruption

Diminish protection obligation

An OES targets are shifted, however eventually, the part is not to exclusively meet consistence or money related advantages, but rather to give the establishment to organizations to enhance their operational practices and use consistence benchmarks as Best Practice of their frameworks execution. Always surveying and refreshing your Operational Excellence System guarantees it is working with the most up and coming destinations and methodologies of your business to drive execution forward.

Jodi Parry is a MBA graduate and Director of The Ninja Report, a Melbourne based association in Australia, concentrating on the execution and consistence of Operational Excellence Operational Excellence Systems, Document Management and Control, ISO Readiness, Continuous Improvement, Knowledge Management and Cross Pollination.